3D Printing Gave This Cancer Survivor a New Jaw

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3D printing has given one man a new lease on life.

After being diagnosed with tongue cancer and losing several functions of his jaw, Shirley Anderson, a former mechanic who served in the Navy during the Vietnam War, has been 3D printed a new jaw.

After undergoing radiation therapies and several surgeries over the years, Anderson lost significant facial tissue, leaving him without a properly working jaw or an Adam’s apple.

Surgeons worked hard to fix the problem using excess muscles from his chest to recreate a jaw, but were largely unsuccessful in their attempts.

IFL Science reports:

In 2012, however, his story was discovered by Dr Travis Bellicchi, a maxillofacial prosthetics specialist at the Indiana University School of Dentistry. Although the scale of the prosthetics needed for Shirley’s case was four times larger than any of his previous work, Dr Bellicchi was determined to help.

 

Shirley Anderson with Dr Travis Bellicchi. Image credit: Formlabs

 

Dr Bellicchi initially created a prosthetic jaw using traditional methods. However, the prosthetic lacked realistic detail, often slipped off the face, and was unbearably uncomfortable. So the surgeon looked to more recent developments in digital scanning and 3D-sculpting techniques.

 

“The traditional process for impression, sculpting, mold-making, and aesthetic characterization is a laborious task,” Dr. Bellicchi explained in a press release. “I knew there was a need for a digital solution.”

 

“The traditional process for impression, sculpting, mold-making, and aesthetic characterization is a laborious task,” Dr. Bellicchi explained in a press release. “I knew there was a need for a digital solution.”

 

With the help of Professor Zeb Wood, a lecturer at the School of Media Arts and Sciences, Dr Bellicchi created a digital model of Shirley’s face using bone structure data from a CT scan and a 3D scan of his facial features. The team used the 3D printers at Formlabs to create a three-dimensional mold of Shirley’s face, which they then used for the prosthetic.

 

“They really couldn’t believe how easy it was,” said Cade Jacobs, an Indiana University student who used ZBrush 3D-sculpting software to design the prosthesis. “They had been struggling to get the same results for a long time when they were using the traditional process.”

 

Not only is this new prosthetic far more realistic, it is also more breathable, lighter, and comfortable. In honor of Shirley, Dr. Bellicchi has dubbed this new digital method of creating artificial facial parts “The Shirley Technique.” He is now using these new skills to help a handful of other patients, including a man who lost his ear.

 

The impressive end result. Image credit: Formlabs

 

Dr Bellicchi added: “It’s a privilege to have an opportunity to work with a patient like Shirley because Shirley makes the process collaborative. Shirley participates in my work to improve his prosthesis. Although it’s likely the most significant challenge I will ever face in my prosthetic career, I think it may be the most rewarding.”

 

Although Shirley is still unable to talk, he recently wrote on his whiteboard: “I have my life going just as I want.”

Photo credit: Formlabs.